Will Americans Be Stripped of Citizenship Based on Accusation?
In a recent op-ed published in Jurist, St. John’s University School of Law student Christopher Elsee described a scenario he believes threatens the civil rights of his fellow citizens.
Imagine you have just written a check to an organization that sends mechanical engineering textbooks to students in Afghanistan or Iraq. Now further imagine that you have been engaged in this practice for well over a decade because you are interested in helping individuals in developing countries to improve their technical knowledge, with the hopes of enabling them to better themselves. Are you supporting terrorists? According to a proposed piece of legislation, you may very well be.
The legislation Elsee mentions is the Terrorist Expatriation Act. This bill, proposed in 2010 by Senator Joe Lieberman (I-Conn.), would strip any American accused of terrorism of his citizenship. This would place the suspect outside of the jurisdiction of the U.S. Constitution’s Article III courts and assign the trial on his alleged crimes to a military tribunal.
As Elsee explains:
The act adds offenses such as providing material support to foreign terrorist organizations, engaging in or purposefully and materially supporting hostilities against the US or any country engaged in hostilities alongside the US or providing direct operational support to the US. Another section of the act explains that “material support or resources” means, among other things as the list goes on, property, services, training, expert advice or assistance, communications equipment and facilities.
This illustrates why the person in Elsee’s hypothetical would face expatriation.
A central point of the act not specifically addressed in Elsee’s article is the provision specifying the burden of proof in a case brought under its authority.
Under the Terrorist Expatriation Act, anyone stripped of his citizenship could appeal his expatriation to a federal court, where the federal government would have to demonstrate by “a preponderance of the evidence” that the accused committed the offense with the purpose of relinquishing his citizenship.
An online legal dictionary defines this standard of proof as “just enough evidence to make it more likely than not that the fact the claimant seeks to prove is true.” In the taxonomy of burdens of proof, preponderance of the evidence is much easier to prove than “beyond a reasonable doubt,” for example, which is defined by that same dictionary as “no other logical explanation can be derived from the facts except that the defendant committed the crime, thereby overcoming the presumption that a person is innocent until proven guilty.”
MORE . . .
- Will Americans Be Stripped of Citizenship Based on Accusation? (dprogram.net)
- How Far Will American Congress Go to Crush Free Speech and Political Dissonance? (bonjupatten.wordpress.com)
- Will Americans Be Stripped of Citizenship Based on Accusation? (tenthamendmentcenter.com)
- Texas NDAA Nullification Bill Includes Criminal Charges for Federal Agents (blacklistednews.com)
- Texas NDAA Nullification Bill Includes Criminal Charges for Federal Agents (tenthamendmentcenter.com)
Posted on November 14, 2012, in 14th Amendment, 4th Amendment, Due Process, Government Thuggery, Police State and tagged Elsee, Iraq, Joe Lieberman, St. John's University School of Law, tenth amendment center, Tenth Amendment Center blog, Terrorist Expatriation Act, United States, United States Constitution. Bookmark the permalink. Leave a Comment.